By Mark Asanovich

In my last column, I attempted to make a couple of points on the state of the Health Fitness Industry:

1. I don’t presume to have all the answers. Rather; I, like I would suspect many of you

in the profession, are seeking to ask some of the rightquestions so I can facilitate

higher levels of outcomes in those who I serve and who have entrusted their health

to me.

2. It is in understanding the WHAT that will determine the HOW’s of your program


3. The current reality in the profession is that there are NO one generic/universally

accepted definitions industry wide. Consequently, there is NO one

generic/universally accepted way to develop/measure fitness.

4. There exists controversy as to THE BEST protocols for  stimulating THE BEST


5. It behooves us as professionals (and as a profession) to dialog/debate and come to

a consensus understanding of how we define the different aspects of fitness and

function (i.e. strength, cardio-respiratory fitness, flexibility, balance etc.) so that we

can better develop and measure outcomes most efficiently and effectively.


Interestingly, whenever I ask this question to colleagues in the profession, the usual response is one of dismay, disbelief and/or downright disgust. But nevertheless, it is in my opinion one of the most fundamental questions that must be addressed requisite to any intelligentdiscussions on how best to develop (or for that matter measure) strength.

Most traditional definitions of strength equate the mechanics of an automobile engine with that of muscle. The problem as I see it with these definitions is that the mechanics of an automobile engine imply movement whereas muscle does not require movement to produce work. In fact, static (or isometric) muscular strength  is work that is generated by the muscle against an immoveable resistance.

Likewise, other definitions of strength not only imply movement, but how movement is expressed around the bony leverage system that is the human skeleton. The obvious problem with these definitions is that when movement is expressed around levers, by definition this is torque … and not strength. Governed by the laws of Physics, torque outputs are the result of many factors  like lever lengths, moment arms, gravity, and friction … in addition to strength!

So where does that leave us? Well in my humble opinion, it brings us back to the source of strength … the muscle tissue. When stimulated, the function of muscle tissue is to contract. Contraction of muscular tissue results in the production of FORCE. As such, it would make sense to me to define strength in terms of contractile force production. Simple and unequivocal, regardless of movement and how that force is expressed around our third class leverage skeletal system.

Mark Twain once said, “It is a good thing to make things simple … but not any simpler“. In regard to defining muscular strength, to speak in terms of resultant contractile force outcomes is simple and serves to clarify rather than confuse … but isn’t any simpler! May the force be with you (sorry, couldn’t resist).

TAKU’s NOTE: Thanks again to Mark Asanovivh for allowing me to reprint these articles. To find out more about Mark click on his name at the top of this article.


recently completed his fifteenth season as a professional football Strength and Conditioning Coach. A fourteen-year National Football League (NFL) veteran, Mr. Asanovich spent six seasons as the Strength and Conditioning Coach for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers under Head Coach Tony Dungy, and has served as Assistant Strength and Conditioning Coach for the Baltimore Ravens and the Minnesota Vikings. His list of Pro Bowlers trained includes Mike Alstott, Derrick Brooks, Chris Carter, Warrick Dunn, Keyshawn Johnson, Ray Lewis, John Lynch, Randall McDaniel, Warren Moon, Jonathan Ogden, John Randle and Warren Sapp, among many others.

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